Volleyball Ligen und Wettbewerbe: Ein Handbuch

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While volleyball is not exactly a mass sport, it still has millions of fans and active players around the world. In this guide, we’re going to introduce some of the major volleyball leagues and competitions.

An unusual characteristic of volleyball is that the club competitions are actually overshadowed by the international competitions – and the average sports fan is much more likely to know which countries are currently successful in volleyball, but certainly longer when asked about the current world’s best clubs must think about. In the following we will take a closer look at the most important international volleyball tournaments; This will give you valuable information to use when you place your next betwill surely come to good use. Immediately below that, we deal with the volleyball competitions at the Olympic Games, the World Championship and the European Championship, as well as the most important club competitions, such as the European Champions League and the Club World Championships. Last but not least, we of course also deal with the players in our local Austrian volleyball league, the Austrian Volley League.

About volleyball: rules and variants

First of all, we would like to emphasize that volleyball can take place in different forms and variants, the two main types of course being indoor volleyball in the sports hall and beach volleyball on the clay court.

The aim of the game is basically the same in both variants: two teams compete against each other and try to score more points than the other by trying to “sink” the volleyball on the floor of the opposing playing field. The players are only allowed to touch the ball once.

The biggest difference between the two variants lies in the number of players. In indoor volleyball, a team consists of six players per team, whereas in beach volleyball there are only two players per team. In addition, the indoor courts with 18 mx 9 m are a little bigger than the beach areas with 16 m x 8 m. The second big difference is in the way the score is counted. In indoor games, the better team wins after five sets of 25 points each, while in beach volleyball the better team wins after three sets that end after 21 points each. However, both variants stipulate that the winning team must win with a gap of at least two points and the final set (if necessary) ends after only 15 points.Develop betting strategies.

Olympisches Volleyball

The largest international volleyball competition takes place without a doubt at the Olympic Games. Although this tournament only takes place every four years, a huge hype from die-hard fans and interested occasional spectators is guaranteed. Fortunately, not only indoor teams are represented at the Olympic Games, but also beach volleyball players – and one can probably say that the latter variant also attracts most fans.

Volleyball olympics

The format of the game in Olympic volleyball

Both women’s and men’s tournaments are held at the Olympic Games. A total of 12 teams are allowed for indoor volleyball, while 24 beach volleyball teams compete against each other.

A team can qualify for the tournament in a number of ways. The host country of the Olympic Games is always set automatically, as are the six best teams in the so-called Intercontinental Qualifiers (intercontinental qualifying tournaments), which are specially organized for the Olympic Games. The remaining teams are determined in continental qualifying tournaments, with each continent being allowed to send one team.

The qualification for the beach volleyball tournament is a bit more complicated. Here, too, the host country is always set, as is the winning team of the last World Cup. However, the majority of the teams (15 in total) enter the competition through the FIVB Beach Volleyball Olympic Ranking System. All other places will then be distributed to the winners of the continental cups and two teams can still secure a place via the Olympic qualification tournament of the FIVB.

The indoor competition always starts with a preliminary round, which is held in two groups of six teams each, with everyone competing against everyone once. The four best teams from each group then advance to the knockout phase of the competition, which begins with the quarter-finals. The top-placed team from group A meets the weakest team from group B, while the second-placed team from group A takes on the third-placed team from group B – and so on and so forth. In the group phases there are always three points for a 3-0 or 3-1 win, while a 3-2 win gives two points and a 2-3 defeat still gives one point.

The beach volleyball competition begins with six groups of four teams each, which compete against each other in a preliminary round. The two best teams in each group are guaranteed a place among the last 16, as well as the two third-placed teams, which have the best statistics. The remaining two places in the top 16 are awarded in the so-called “Lucky Loser Playoffs”, where the remaining third-placed teams compete against each other in a single play-off match – the respective “lucky losers” also advance to the knockout phase. In beach volleyball, two points are awarded for a win, one point for a defeat and of course no point at all if the team gives up. As soon as it goes into the knockout phase, The respective winner of the game is always promoted to the next round, while the loser is eliminated from the tournament. In the final round, the winner receives the gold medal and the loser receives silver. The bronze medal is awarded in a match between the two losing semi-finalists.

The history of Olympic volleyball

Indoor volleyball can look back on a relatively long tradition at the Summer Olympics – after all, the first men’s and women’s competitions were held in 1964 and have been an integral part of the sporting event ever since. The history of beach volleyball is much shorter, as this variant only found its way to the games in 1996.

By 2016, Brazil, the former Soviet Union and the USA must be named as the dominant men’s teams in the sport, each with three Olympic gold medals. The women’s teams of the Soviet Union were even able to surpass the triumphs of the men and scoop a total of four gold medals, closely followed by China and Cuba, who were each able to take home three gold medals. In the more recent past, Brazil in particular has shown itself to be a power in sport: in 2008 and 2012, the team achieved triumph in the Olympic tournament, at the four previous events the Brazilians at least reliably made it into the top 4.

In beach volleyball, the USA has emerged as the team to be beaten, as both men and women have so far won three gold medals each. For sports bettors, this means that Americans should always be kept in mind when putting together a volleyball betting strategy . But here, too, Brazil is the most important pursuer, because the Brazilian men’s team made it into the final in five of six competitions, while the women made it into the final four times.

Die FIVB Volleyball Weltmeisterschaften

Like the Olympic Games, the World Championships take place every four years, with a break of one year between the two major events. The World Cup also reliably attracts large numbers of spectators in the venues and in front of the television screens. The world championships are divided into a men’s and a women’s competition, whereby the tournaments do not take place at the same time and also not in the same location. The last men’s World Cup in 2018, for example, took place from September 9th to 30th in Italy and Bulgaria, while the women immediately fought for the title in Japan from September 29th to October 20th.

The game format of the FIVB Volleyball World Championship

Since 1998, a total of 24 teams have been able to qualify for each tournament, whereby the teams can secure a place in various ways. For example, there are fixed starting places for the host country, the title holders and the top-placed teams from other international tournaments.

The tournament itself extends over four rounds. The first round is a group phase, which is played on the principle of everyone against everyone, with four groups of six players each. The four best teams in each group advance to the second round.

The second round will also be played again according to the principle of everyone against everyone, but there are now only four groups with four teams each in the competition. The ranking of the different teams becomes a lot more complex here, however, since the points from the first and second round are added together. The top-placed team in each group then moves up to the third round, as do the two best second-placed teams. In round three, the six remaining teams are divided into two groups, with all teams playing against the opponents in their own group. The two best teams of the two groups then advance to the final, which begins with the semi-final matches. The group winners compete against the second-placed team in the other group.

The history of the FIVB volleyball world championship

The first men’s world championship took place in 1949 and, with the exception of the second competition in 1952, has always taken place every four years since then. The women came to their own competition for the first time shortly afterwards in 1952.

In the course of World Championship history, the favorite teams have changed over the decades. By far the most successful team is certainly the Soviet Union, which won six of the first ten tournaments by 1982 – only East Germany, Poland and Czechoslovakia (twice) managed to break their dominance. The USA won their first and so far last title in 1986, before Italy grabbed the coveted gold medal three times in a row in the 1990s. Brazil did not want to let that sit on itself and won three consecutive world championship titles in the 2000s. The gold of the last two tournaments in 2014 and 2018 went to Poland, who triumphed over Brazil in both final rounds.

A correct forecast of the Women’s World Championships is more difficult. The Soviet Union won the first three tournaments after the World Cup was launched and was able to beat all other teams again in 1970 and 1990. In the last six tournaments, however, there were five different winners: Cuba, Italy, Russia (twice), the USA and, most recently, Serbia in 2018.

Die Volleyball-Europameisterschaft

The international volleyball event calendar is well filled every year. There are not only the Olympic Games and the World Championship, which take place every other year, but also the continental championships, which also include the European Championship, which is called European Volleyball Championships in English.

As with the World Championships, the men’s and women’s competitions do not take place at the same time and in the same place. However, the women’s tournament is always scheduled just before the men’s competition.

The game format of the European volleyball championship

Thankfully, the format of the European volleyball championship is much less complex than that of the world championship. For the 2019 edition of the European Championship, the field of participating teams was expanded from 16 to 24, with the teams being divided into four groups of six teams each at the start of the tournament. The four best-placed teams from each group immediately advance to the last 16 of the tournament, where the knockout phase begins.

The distribution of points in the group stage follows the same pattern that is also used in the Olympic Games: For 3-0 or 3-1 wins two points are awarded, a narrow win with 3-2 brings two points and a defeat with 2-3 brings at least two points one more point.

The history of the European volleyball championship

The history of the European volleyball championship began in 1948 with a men’s tournament, which was followed by a women’s competition in 1949. Since then, the events of both sexes have always taken place in the same year. Originally the European Championship took place every four years, but in 1975 it was changed to a two-year event rhythm.

Although nine different teams have been crowned European men’s volleyball champions so far, Russia (and that includes the successes of the Soviet Union) is certainly one of the most successful teams in tournament history – after all, they were able to win 14 out of 31 gold medals for their home country. Italy can also look back on a period of dominance, as our southern neighbor left the field six times victorious in a total of eight games between 1989 and 2005. However, since Italy’s triumph in 2005, no other team has been able to successfully defend the title. Incidentally, between 2007 and 2019 the winners were Spain, Poland, Serbia, Russia and France.

In the women’s tournaments, the dominance of the Russians (including the Soviet Union) quickly became apparent, winning 19 out of 31 titles – although to be fair it must be said that these successes were a while ago, as the Russians won 10 of the first eleven tournaments. Since then, no team has been able to assume such a clear supremacy. Other successful nations include Germany, Poland and Italy – each of which received gold medals twice – as well as Serbia, which crowned itself European champion in 2011, 2017 and 2019.

Die Volleyball Champions League (CEV Champions League)

The most important European club tournament in volleyball is certainly the CEV Champions League. Here, too, there are separate women’s and men’s competitions. Incidentally, the Champions League runs at the same time as the national tournaments of the respective countries – very similar to the way the Football Champions League runs.

Volleyball Champions League

The game format of the CEV Champions League

A total of 18 teams qualify automatically for the CEV Champions League each year. The starting places go to the 10 best-placed teams in the European national leagues, with additional places allocated to the leagues in Italy, Russia, Poland, Germany, Turkey and Belgium.

Two further places will be awarded to those teams that emerge victorious from the qualification tournament, in which 10 teams usually also take part, including the best Austrian team.

As soon as the final 20 teams have been determined, five groups of four teams each will be drawn. This marks the beginning of the first official tournament round, in which everyone plays against everyone, with all teams meeting twice (once at home, once away). The groups are organized on the basis of the games won. If teams are tied, the so-called set quotient (the total number of sets won divided by the number of sets lost) is used to determine the positions.

At the end of this game round, the group winners qualify for the play-off rounds, as do the three best second-placed teams. The playoff round is played in the form of a knockout round, with all games – with the exception of the final – played once at home and once away.

The placements are awarded on the basis of points, with three points for a 3-0 or 3-1 win, a 3-2 win is worth two points and a 2-3 defeat is worth one point. If two teams are tied in terms of points after both rounds, a so-called golden set is played, which is won by the team that reaches 15 points first (with at least two points ahead). The final tournament will be played in a single game at a neutral location.

The history of the CEV Champions League

This volleyball tournament, known as the European Cup until 2000, was launched for men as early as 1959, while women had to wait until 1960 to get their equivalent. Since then, this tournament has taken place without interruption.

The Soviet and later Russian teams were the ultimate in this competition for a long time. CSKA Moscow won the title thirteen times – although to be fair we have to say that the last triumph in 1991 was a while ago. After CASKA’s soaring ended, the Italians took control of the tournament, with a total of six different Italian teams emerging as winners in the next nine rounds.

In the new millennium it became much more difficult to estimate the nationality of the possible winners, for the French, Russians, Italians and Germans constantly competed for supremacy. A few years later, however, the Russian teams made a brilliant comeback. Thanks to Zenit-Kazan, Lokomotiv Novosibirsk and Belogorie, the Russians managed a seven-year winning streak, with Zenit taking the title twice.

In the women’s championships, the women of the Soviet Union dominated the competition from the start, with a total of 22 titles from various Soviet clubs. In recent years, however, it has tended to be the Italian and Turkish teams that have been spoiled the most by success. In fact, only one team that is not from Italy or Turkey has been victorious since 2004/5.

Die FIVB Volleyball-Club-Weltmeisterschaft

The Volleyball Club World Championship, also known as the FIVB Club World Championship, is an elite, annual club tournament to which only eight teams are allowed to decide which team is the best in the world. The tournament takes place in a single host country and lasts for one week.

Usually the men’s event takes place in a host country and the women’s event is then held in a different location a week later.

Volleyball World Championship

The game format of the FIVB Volleyball Club World Championship

In the FIVB Volleyball Club World Championship, eight teams compete against each other: The champions from Europe, South America and Asia, as well as the best team in the host country and four teams with wild card places.

In the preliminary round, the teams are divided into two groups of four teams each. Each team plays once against each other team, with the two best teams going straight to the semi-finals. The semi-final will also be played in just one game again, with the respective winners meeting in the final. The losing teams of the semi-finals play for third place.

The history of the FIVB volleyball club world championship

The men’s FIVB Volleyball Club World Championship was launched in 1989, while the women’s version was still two years away. However, the competitions of both sexes took longer breaks: There was no winner for men between 1992 and 2009, while there was only one tournament for women between 1992 and 2010 between 1992 and 2010.

The tournaments of both sexes were clearly dominated by European teams, with CEV (European) teams winning a total of 11 out of 14 events. For women, nine out of twelve victories were won by European women’s teams. The remaining titles were won on both sides by CSV (i.e. South American) teams.

In the first few years after the tournament was created, the Italian men seemed almost unbeatable: four different Italian teams won the title eight times. From 2012 the Ragazzi apparently ran out of air, because since then no Italian team has made it to the top of the winner’s pole. It was only in 2018 that the team from Trentino brought redemption, reaching for the championship cup for the fifth time in their history. In the meantime, Brazilian and Russian teams made up the tournament among themselves.

Der österreichische Volleycup

Even a small country like Austria naturally has a professional volleyball league – even if our teams in this sport cannot keep up with the big nations of the sport. Every year the ÖVV organizes the national volleyball championships, the Austrian volleyball cup and various beach volleyball tournaments, always for both genders, of course.

The game format of the Austrian Volleycup

There are three indoor leagues for both men and women, namely the 1st Bundesliga Austrian Volley League (AVL), the 2nd Bundesliga, which is divided into two groups, and various national leagues. The same game format applies to women, but in this case the 1st Bundesliga is called AVLW. Both leagues are currently sponsored by Deniz Bank. In the Deniz Cup Volley League Men, eight teams are currently fighting in the regular season, while the two best Austrian teams play in the Central European Volleyball League and only join the best six teams. Ten teams play for victory in the Deniz Cup Volley League Women. The game modes also differed slightly: In the men’s first round, the eight teams play each against each other in the so-called basic round. The best four teams then go into the so-called betting rounds 1-4, the worse ones into the betting round 5-8, where the final placement is determined after the two best teams re-enter. There is also a basic round for women, but after that the six best women’s teams advance to the so-called AVL Women champions play-off, while the other teams continue to fight in the AVL Women hope round. Usually the winners of the national championships compete in the CEV Champions League. The last two years SK Posojilnica Aich / Dob won the men’s league. the worse in the betting round 5-8, where after the return of the two best teams, the final placement is determined. There is also a regular round for women, but after that the six best women’s teams advance to the so-called AVL Women champions play-off, while the other teams continue to fight in the AVL Women hope round. Usually the winners of the national championships compete in the CEV Champions League. The last two years SK Posojilnica Aich / Dob won the men’s league. the worse in the betting round 5-8, where after the return of the two best teams, the final placement is determined. There is also a regular round for women, but after that the six best women’s teams advance to the so-called AVL Women champions play-off, while the other teams continue to fight in the AVL Women hope round. Usually the winners of the national championships compete in the CEV Champions League. The last two years SK Posojilnica Aich / Dob won the men’s league. while the other teams continue to fight in the AVL Women Hope Round. Usually the winners of the national championships compete in the CEV Champions League. The last two years SK Posojilnica Aich / Dob won the men’s league. while the other teams continue to fight in the AVL Women Hope Round. Usually the winners of the national championships compete in the CEV Champions League. The last two years SK Posojilnica Aich / Dob won the men’s league.

The history of the Austrian volleyball association

The Austrian volleyball association was founded on March 14, 1953 by Rudolf Hautmann, who also assumed the role of president. The first clubs were mainly founded in Vienna and the surrounding area, but gradually professional clubs were also founded in the rest of the country. In the early years, therefore, the Viennese clubs clearly dominated, including the TJ Sokol X Vienna and the SC ÖMV Blau Gelb Wien. It wasn’t until 1969 that ESV Pradl Innsbruck became the first non-Viennese club to win – three times in a row. The HotVolleys from Vienna were able to take home most of the titles, a total of 18 and the last of them in 2008. Then comes the Hypo Tirol volleyball team with ten titles.