Blackjack Strategien - Stehen bleiben oder ziehen?

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Draw or stand is the most common decision you face at the blackjack table. Hence, there is great value in learning what the mathematically correct decision is for each scenario you face.

In general, the worst hands you can get are the hard hands (no ace) with a value of 12-17. On average, you get such a hand four times out of ten and with few exceptions you are always the underdog regardless what the dealer’s card shows. Therefore, the best thing you can do in these scenarios is to play in a way that minimizes your losses in the long run.

In the following article we are going to use the optimal blackjack strategy , called the basic strategy , to show you whether the mathematically best decisions are to minimize the losses from these scenarios. We’ll also show you what the best decisions are for every other hand you get. This depends on what card the dealer is presenting. This way, not only can you minimize your losses, but you can also maximize your profits.

Wie das Ziehen und Stehen verwendet wird

When using basic strategy to play mathematically correct, the question of whether to move or stand is always the last question to ask yourself. This should never be done before wondering whether the best alternative would be to surrender the hand, split it, or use the doubling up option.

If none of these options turn out to be mathematically correct, or if you’ve already split a pair you’ve been dealt, it is time to ask whether the draw is the right decision or whether it would be better to stand. As long as you haven’t used the surrender or doubling option and your hand is worth 21 or less, you can always draw an additional card. If you do decide to stand, your hand value will be compared with the dealer’s to decide who will win the hand.

Blackjack

When should you pull and when should you stop

In order to be able to play optimally with the basic strategy, it is important to know that the number of decks played and the rules at the table have a significant influence on the mathematically correct decisions. The tables below make it easy to find out which hands to draw and which to stand with, depending on which hand you have compared to the dealer’s card, as well as the number of decks used and the table rules.

Please note that these tables are based on the fact that the surrender option is not available. For example, when an early surrender is offered, it is always mathematically correct to give up a hand value of 5 if the dealer shows an ace. If you are playing at a live casino table that actually offers the surrender option, it is highly recommended that you read our article on surrender strategy . This way you can be sure that you are always playing at your best.

The left column of the tables below shows your own hand, while the remaining columns show whether to draw or stand, depending on what is shown on the dealer’s card. The empty columns mean that the mathematically correct decision is neither draw nor stand, but that you should use either the doubling option or the “split pairs” option .

The tables are divided so that each pair of hands has its own table. They are also broken down into different tables depending on the number of decks used and the table rules. In the tables listing all hands except pairs, all values ​​for hard hands are listed first (hands without an ace), followed by soft hands (hands with an ace).

“S17” means that the dealer must always take a card on a soft hand of 17, while “H17” means that the dealer must always stand on all hand values ​​of 17. “DAS” stands for “doubling after splitting” and “NDAS” for “no doubling after splitting” and shows whether the table rules allow doubling after splitting or not.

Bitte beachten Sie, dass von DAS und NDAS nur die Paarentscheidungen bezüglich ziehen und stehen betroffen sind. Alle anderen Hände sind nur von der S17 und H17 Regel betroffen. Bitte beachten Sie auch, dass die mathematisch korrekten Entscheidungen für Paare manchmal gleich sind, unabhängig davon, ob es sich um S17 oder H17 handelt, und daher in derselben Tabelle aufgeführt sind.

Decks: 1
Tischregeln: S17
Art der Hände: Alle außer Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
5 H H H H H H H H H H
6 H H H H H H H H H H
7 H H H H H H H H H H
8 H H H H H H H H
9 H H H H H
10 H H
11
12 H H S S S H H H H H
13 S S S S S H H H H H
14 S S S S S H H H H H
15 S S S S S H H H H H
16 S S S S S H H H H H
17 S S S S S S S S S S
18 S S S S S S S S S S
19 S S S S S S S S S S
20 S S S S S S S S S S
21 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 2 H H H H H H H
A – 3 H H H H H H H
A – 4 H H H H H H H
A – 5 H H H H H H H
A – 6 H H H H H
A – 7 S S S H H S
A – 8 S S S S S S S S S
A – 9 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 1
Tischregeln: S17, DAS
Art der Hände: Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
2 – 2 H H H H
3 – 3 H H H
4 – 4 H H H H H H H
5 – 5 H H
6 – 6 H H H H
7 – 7 H S H
8 – 8
9 – 9 S S S
10 – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
A – A
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 1
Tischregeln: S17, NDAS & H17 NDAS
Art der Hände: Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
2 – 2 H H H H H
3 – 3 H H H H H
4 – 4 H H H H H H H H
5 – 5 H H
6 – 6 H H H H H
7 – 7 H H S H
8 – 8
9 – 9 S S S
10 – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
A – A
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 1
Tischregeln: H17
Art der Hände: Alle außer Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
5 H H H H H H H H H H
6 H H H H H H H H H H
7 H H H H H H H H H H
8 H H H H H H H H
9 H H H H H
10 H H
11
12 H H S S S H H H H H
13 S S S S S H H H H H
14 S S S S S H H H H H
15 S S S S S H H H H H
16 S S S S S H H H H H
17 S S S S S S S S S S
18 S S S S S S S S S S
19 S S S S S S S S S S
20 S S S S S S S S S S
21 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 2 H H H H H H H
A – 3 H H H H H H H
A – 4 H H H H H H H
A – 5 H H H H H H H
A – 6 H H H H H
A – 7 S S S H H H
A – 8 S S S S S S S S S
A – 9 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 1
Tischregeln: H17, DAS
Art der Hände: Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
2 – 2 H H H H
3 – 3 H H H
4 – 4 H H H H H H H
5 – 5 H H
6 – 6 H H H H
7 – 7 H S H
8 – 8
9 – 9 S S
10 – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
A – A
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 2
Tischregeln: S17
Art der Hände: Alle außer Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
5 H H H H H H H H H H
6 H H H H H H H H H H
7 H H H H H H H H H H
8 H H H H H H H H H H
9 H H H H H
10 H H
11
12 H H S S S H H H H H
13 S S S S S H H H H H
14 S S S S S H H H H H
15 S S S S S H H H H H
16 S S S S S H H H H H
17 S S S S S S S S S S
18 S S S S S S S S S S
19 S S S S S S S S S S
20 S S S S S S S S S S
21 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 2 H H H H H H H H
A – 3 H H H H H H H H
A – 4 H H H H H H H
A – 5 H H H H H H H
A – 6 H H H H H H
A – 7 S S S H H H
A – 8 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 9 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 2
Tischregeln: S17, DAS & H17 NDAS
Art der Hände: Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
2 – 2 H H H H
3 – 3 H H H H
4 – 4 H H H H H H H H
5 – 5 H H
6 – 6 H H H H
7 – 7 H H H
8 – 8
9 – 9 S S S
10 – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
A – A
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 2
Tischregeln: S17, NDAS & H17, NDAS
Art der Hände: Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
2 – 2 H H H H H H
3 – 3 H H H H H H
4 – 4 H H H H H H H H H H
5 – 5 H H
6 – 6 H H H H H
7 – 7 H H H H
8 – 8
9 – 9 S S S
10 – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
A – A
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 2
Tischregeln: H17
Art der Hände: Alle außer Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
5 H H H H H H H H H H
6 H H H H H H H H H H
7 H H H H H H H H H H
8 H H H H H H H H H H
9 H H H H H
10 H H
11
12 H H S S S H H H H H
13 S S S S S H H H H H
14 S S S S S H H H H H
15 S S S S S H H H H H
16 S S S S S H H H H H
17 S S S S S S S S S S
18 S S S S S S S S S S
19 S S S S S S S S S S
20 S S S S S S S S S S
21 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 2 H H H H H H H H
A – 3 H H H H H H H
A – 4 H H H H H H H
A – 5 H H H H H H H
A – 6 H H H H H H
A – 7 S S H H H
A – 8 S S S S S S S S S
A – 9 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 4/6/8
Tischregeln: S17
Art der Hände: Alle außer Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
5 H H H H H H H H H H
6 H H H H H H H H H H
7 H H H H H H H H H H
8 H H H H H H H H H H
9 H H H H H H
10 H H
11 H
12 H H S S S H H H H H
13 S S S S S H H H H H
14 S S S S S H H H H H
15 S S S S S H H H H H
16 S S S S S H H H H H
17 S S S S S S S S S S
18 S S S S S S S S S S
19 S S S S S S S S S S
20 S S S S S S S S S S
21 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 2 H H H H H H H H
A – 3 H H H H H H H H
A – 4 H H H H H H H
A – 5 H H H H H H H
A – 6 H H H H H H
A – 7 S S S H H H
A – 8 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 9 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 4/6/8
Tischregeln: S17, DAS & H17, DAS
Art der Hände: Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
2 – 2 H H H H
3 – 3 H H H H
4 – 4 H H H H H H H H
5 – 5 H H
6 – 6 H H H H H
7 – 7 H H H H
8 – 8
9 – 9 S S S
10 – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
A – A
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 4/6/8
Tischregeln: S17, NDAS & H17, NDAS
Art der Hände: Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
2 – 2 H H H H H H
3 – 3 H H H H H H
4 – 4 H H H H H H H H H H
5 – 5 H H
6 – 6 H H H H H H
7 – 7 H H H H
8 – 8
9 – 9 S S S
10 – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
A – A
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

Decks: 4/6/8
Tischregeln: H17
Art der Hände: Alle außer Paare

Dealers Karte
Ihre Hand 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A
5 H H H H H H H H H H
6 H H H H H H H H H H
7 H H H H H H H H H H
8 H H H H H H H H H H
9 H H H H H H
10 H H
11
12 H H S S S H H H H H
13 S S S S S H H H H H
14 S S S S S H H H H H
15 S S S S S H H H H H
16 S S S S S H H H H H
17 S S S S S S S S S S
18 S S S S S S S S S S
19 S S S S S S S S S S
20 S S S S S S S S S S
21 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 2 H H H H H H H H
A – 3 H H H H H H H H
A – 4 H H H H H H H
A – 5 H H H H H H H
A – 6 H H H H H H
A – 7 S S H H H
A – 8 S S S S S S S S S
A – 9 S S S S S S S S S S
A – 10 S S S S S S S S S S
H = Hit (eine Karte ziehen)
S = Stand (stehen bleiben)

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Die Logik hinter stehen bleiben oder ziehen

A common mistake made by blackjack players is to always get stuck with hard hands with a value of 12-16.This is due to a fear of overbought, which is pretty easy with these types of hands. Standing on these hands isn’t always the wrong decision, but if the dealer has a 7 or higher, there is a high chance that the dealer will end up with a hand value of 17-21. For this reason it is mathematically correct to draw a card in these scenarios, provided that it is out of the question to use the surrender or “split pair” option.

Another common mistake players make is stopping with soft hands. The A-6 hand is especially one that is very error-prone as it is believed that a value of 17 is good enough to stand on. If it was a hard 17 it’s always right to stand, but with a soft 17 that’s never the case. The reason is simply that it is impossible to fail by drawing another card. So the mathematically best decision is to either double the hand or draw until a hard 17-21 or a soft 18-21 is reached.

Blackjack

Fazit

Pulling or standing is always the last thing to think about when tweaking your basic strategy game. First of all, you should always ask yourself whether the mathematically correct decision is to give up your hand and win back half the stake, split your hand (if you hit a pair), or double your stake with the “double up” option.

While pulling and standing is the last decision you should make, it is the decision you have to make the most often. So you have a great way to reduce the house edge by learning how to make those decisions in a mathematically correct way, which is what you are doing when you are following the optimal blackjack strategy, the basic strategy.

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